Former President George H.W. Bush, the 41st U.S. president, might be buried in Texas on Thursday after mendacity in state and being remembered at a number of memorial providers. A type of providers on Wednesday was attended by President Donald Trump, all former residing U.S. presidents, and world leaders.
Because the nation prepares for Thursday’s solemn ceremony to pay additional respect to the late chief, right here’s an outline of planning for a presidential funeral.
Who will get a state funeral?
State funerals are historically reserved for a head of state, former president, or a president-elect, although residing presidents can order one for anybody they see match. They aren’t obligatory, and may be declined by the household.
Over the past three a long time, there have been solely three state funerals, for former presidents Lyndon B. Johnson in 1973, Ronald Reagan in 2004, and Gerald R. Ford 2007. Former President Richard Nixon, who resigned from workplace amid the Watergate scandal in 1974, opted to not have one in 1994.
The primary state funeral was in 1841 for William Henry Harrison, the ninth U.S. president, who died in workplace 30 days after his inauguration.
How lengthy do they final?
Presidential state funerals can characteristic as much as 10 days of remembrance, in line with the Military’s Navy District of Washington, which is accountable for coordinating them. The White Home says on its web site that there historically is 5 days of remembrance. Every president has a say in planning their funeral, a job that begins shortly after they take workplace.
Bush’s state funeral is scheduled to run from Monday to Thursday.
State funerals include three phases, in line with the Navy District of Washington. The primary stage contains ceremonies within the state the place the deceased lived, which in Bush’s case was Texas.
The second stage contains ceremonies inside Washington. Bush’s casket was flown to the Nation’s Capital on Monday night and had been mendacity in state within the Capitol Rotunda till Wednesday morning, when a memorial service was held at Washington Nationwide Cathedral.
The third stage contains ceremonies within the state the place the deceased has chosen to be interred. In Bush’s case, there might be a memorial for him at St. Martin’s Episcopal Church in Houston on Thursday. Following this memorial, he might be buried on the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum at Texas A&M College.
What’s Trump’s function?
Because the sitting president, Trump has the accountability of asserting presidential proclamations, certainly one of which introduced the previous president’s loss of life. He then directed the Division of Protection to conduct a state funeral on behalf of the nation, in line with the Navy District of Washington.
Are there some other presidential proclamations?
Trump, on the identical day that he introduced Bush’s loss of life, ordered all U.S. flags to be displayed at half-staff on the White Home and on all public buildings, grounds and army posts and naval stations for 30 days. This order is certainly one of custom, and sometimes begins on the day of the president’s loss of life.
Trump additionally declared Wednesday, when Bush’s memorial service was held, to be a Nationwide Day of Mourning. This declaration shut down the federal authorities, permitting federal staff to take the break day out of respect to Bush.
Such proclamations aren’t issued solely for the loss of life of a president. A day of mourning was declared for the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, in addition to within the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist assaults.
What’s mendacity in state?
Mendacity in state is a public viewing held contained in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda. The nationwide honor has been given to solely 32 folks during the last 166 years. Solely 12 presidents, together with Bush, have obtained the glory, which should be accepted by Congress and the deceased’s surviving household. Bush lay in state from Monday night to Wednesday morning.
Throughout this public viewing, the president’s casket is historically positioned on high of a bier, known as the Lincoln catafalque, that was in-built 1865 to show Abraham Lincoln’s coffin.
This viewing isn’t unique to U.S. presidents, after all. Arizona Sen. John McCain lay in state after his loss of life this 12 months, in addition to former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover in 1972. Former Secretary of State Henry Clay was the primary to lie in state within the Rotunda in 1852.
4 personal residents have additionally lain within the Capitol, in what’s known as mendacity in honor.
These 4 people had been the Rev. Invoice Graham in February, civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks in 2005 and two cops who had been killed whereas defending the Capitol in 1998.
The place do the funerals and burials happen?
The Nationwide Cathedral in Washington, the place Bush had his funeral on Wednesday, has hosted funerals for simply three different presidents, together with Dwight D. Eisenhower, Reagan and Ford.
The cathedral is slightly new, having been accomplished in 1990 after two centuries of planning. It has hosted seven memorial providers for presidents because the 1920s, in addition to a burial service for Woodrow Wilson.
Different presidents have had their funerals at church buildings the place they worshipped. John F. Kennedy’s funeral service was on the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle. Lyndon B. Johnson’s was on the Nationwide Metropolis Christian Church in Washington, the place he worshiped whereas president.
Burial websites have included presidential libraries and personal estates. Two presidents, John F. Kennedy and William Howard Taft, are buried in Arlington Nationwide Cemetery.
Bush might be buried in his household plot behind the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum at Texas A&M College in School Station, Texas.
CORRECTION: A earlier model misstated the placement of Woodrow Wilson’s burial. He was buried on the Nationwide Cathedral, not Arlington Nationwide Cemetery. A earlier model additionally listed Nixon’s loss of life as in 1974, which was the 12 months he resigned. He died in 1994.
- This text initially appeared on HuffPost.